Welcome to Olumo Rock, the highest point in the Egba Kingdom

Olumo Rock is a popular tourist attraction in the city of Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. It was used as a fortress by the Egba people in the early 19th century. Olumo rock, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nigeria, West Africa, sits in the ancient city centre of Abeokuta – a name which means “Under the rock”; it has a height of 137 metres above sea level.Abeokuta was originally inhabited by the Egba People who found refuge at the Olumo rock during intertribal wars in the 19th century. The rock provided sanctuary to the people as well as a vantage point to monitor the enemy’s advance, leading to eventual triumph in war. The town of Abeokuta eventually grew as these new settlers spread out from this location. Abeokuta is just about an hour’s drive from the ancient city of Ibadan. The ancient heritage of the Egbas in the Southwestern part of Nigeria are numerous, from the tie and dye (Adire), to mat making, sculptures, festivals and finally the natural monument of the Olumo Rock. Olumo rock has great significance to the economic and geographic stability of the Egbas in Ogun state, Nigeria.

Journey to the Top

olumo rock tourist complex shot on a clear day

A trip to Olumo rock usually commences with a climb up the man-made stairs carved into the rock for the adventurous tourists. However, there is an elevator to transport tourists to the top of the rock without fear of climbing the numerous stairs. The journey continues with climbs on irregularly sized rocks (or ladders which are now provided) through a narrow corridor that leads to the top of the rock. All along the way, catch sights of carvings in the rock, cowrie-studded statues and the ancient abode of the priestesses who live in huts on the rock. Guides are available. 

On the way back down the rock, the sight of the Ogun river running like a silver chain amidst a forest of aged red corrugated roofs bordered by thick green forests which melt into the horizon is breathtaking.

Olumo rock was recognized by the WHO as a World Tourist Centre in 2008.